Civil Engineering: Qualifications & Career Prospects
Have you always maintained an inclination for physical construction of buildings and other structures? Do you feel great delight at the prospect of designing interesting architectural marvels? If any of these dream pictures make you feel excited, then you must take a good look into the career called as Civil Engineering. These highly qualified and skilled professionals are trained to manage and enhance our environment in several ways. Seat yourself comfortably because you would get to explore the environment of a civil engineer along with different career prospects related to it.
Civil engineers or CEs practice their skilled craft in a wide variety of settings. These professionals can be found in public as well private settings, these professionals deal with different aspects such as designing, construction, maintenance, and repair of important environmental features.
Civil engineers also involve in project planning activities and extensive community consensus development. Over the past fifteen years, civil engineering jobs have experienced a steady rise in both demand as well as earnings. This challenging and attractive field has led to hundreds of thousands of interesting careers and is estimated to do the same in the coming years.
The two major holders of civil engineering jobs are the government and military. A CE can be hired in state, national, as well as local governments in vast amounts to help with the maintenance and design of their infrastructure. Most of the tasks involve the adaptation of current buildings and roads in accordance to increasing populations. On the other hand, the military supplies a wide segment of jobs in engineering as well. From the creation of bases, rebuilding of structures and development of specialized technology, like bridging structures, are all managed by military hired engineers.
To become a professional CE, one needs a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering in one of its particular specialties. The various programs in civil engineering as well as civil engineering technology include sections such as math, engineering mechanics & systems, statistics and fluid dynamics. The courses include a blend of traditional classroom learning, fieldwork and work in laboratories.
A degree from a program qualified by the ABET is needed for earning the professional engineer (PE) license. In several states, a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering technology also will be sufficient as an academic requirement for acquiring a license. As per statistics, 1 in 4 civil engineers holds a master’s degree. Further education after a bachelor’s degree, in addition to a PE license and previous experience, is beneficial in getting a job as a manager.
Job Prospects for a Civil Engineer
The job of an architect is to plan and design factories, houses, office buildings, and other structures.
Civil Engineering Technicians
Civil engineering technicians assist civil engineers in planning, designing, and construction of bridges, highways and other infrastructure projects. These professionals also help to plan, and build commercial, residential, industrial and land development projects.
A construction manager plan, budget, coordinate and supervise construction projects from the start to the end.
An Environmental engineer utilizes the principles of engineering, biology, soil science and chemistry to create solutions for environmental problems. These professionals are also involved in efforts to improve waste disposal, recycling, public health, as well as water & air pollution control.
The work of a landscape architect is to design parks and different outdoor spaces of recreational facilities, campuses, private homes etc.
Mechanical engineering is one of the widest engineering disciplines. A mechanical engineer works to design, build, and test thermal and mechanical sensors & devices involving tools, machines and engines.
Urban and Regional Planners
Urban and regional planners prepare land use plans and programs which benefit for the creation of communities as well as to accommodate population growth. These professionals also work to revitalize physical facilities in cities, towns, counties, and even metropolitan areas.
Surveyors make detailed measurements to establish property boundaries. They provide data suitable to the shape and outline of the Earth’s surface for mapmaking, engineering and construction projects.
Qualities of a Civil Engineer
Decision Making Talent
Civil engineers mostly balance multiple and frequently inconsistent objectives, such as determining the probability of plans with regard to financial costs as well as safety concerns. Civil engineers are often needed by urban and regional planners for advice on such issues. A civil engineer must be able to make precise decisions based on practices, experience and their own technical knowledge.
Civil engineers take definitive responsibility for the research that they perform. Therefore, they must be capable enough to lead planners, construction managers, surveyors, civil engineering technologists, civil engineering technicians, and others in imposing their project plan.
Skills in Mathematics
Civil engineers use the principles of trigonometry, calculus, and other advanced topics from mathematics for the precise design, analysis, and troubleshooting in their tasks.
It must be noted that, only licensed civil engineers can approve the design documents for various infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it vital that civil engineers should be able to monitor and analyze the work at the jobsite as a project moves forward. This way, a CE can ensure fulfillment with the design documents. Civil engineers also often supervise several projects at the same time, and thus should be able to balance resources as well as time accordingly.
Civil engineers function at the highest level of the design, planning, construction, and function of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved demand that they possess the capability to identify and analyze complex problems. Moreover, a CE must be able to then utilize their training and skill to develop safe, cost-effective and efficient solutions.
Civil engineers have to offer reports as well as plans to the audiences comprising people from a wide range of technical knowledge and backgrounds. Hence, it requires the ability to speak clearly and converse with people in different settings. Moreover, a CE also has to translate engineering as well as scientific information into understand concepts.